A frenectomy is a surgical dental procedure that involves the removal or modification of a frenum, a small fold of tissue that connects one part of the mouth to another. There are two primary types of frenum in the mouth that may require a frenectomy:
Labial Frenectomy: This is the most common type of frenectomy and involves the removal or modification of the labial frenum, which is the thin tissue that connects the upper lip to the gum tissue just above the front teeth. A labial frenectomy is often performed when the frenum is abnormally short or thick, which can cause issues such as a gap between the front teeth (diastema) or gum recession.
Lingual Frenectomy: This procedure involves the removal or modification of the lingual frenum, which connects the underside of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. A lingual frenectomy may be necessary if the frenum is too short or tight (ankyloglossia or “tongue tie”), restricting the range of motion of the tongue and potentially interfering with speech and oral function.
Frenectomies are relatively straightforward and are typically performed by dentists or oral surgeons. The procedure can often be completed with local anesthesia, and it involves making an incision to remove or release the frenum tissue. After the frenectomy, patients may need to follow post-operative care instructions to ensure proper healing.
Frenectomies are often performed to alleviate functional issues or to prepare the mouth for orthodontic or prosthetic treatment. In the case of a lingual frenectomy, it can also help improve tongue mobility and speech articulation.
Laser frenectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove a frenulum, a small piece of tissue that connects two structures in the body, often in the mouth. This procedure is commonly performed on the lingual frenulum (under the tongue) or the labial frenulum (inside the upper or lower lip).
Laser energy can effectively kill bacteria and sterilize the surgical area as it cuts, reducing the risk of infection. This is especially important in the oral cavity, where infection can lead to complications.